Great Britain1984 PARALYMPICS Wheelchair Basketball in STOKE MANDEVILLE-AYLESBURY, GREAT BRITAIN 
& many other sports in  NEW YORK, USA
United States of America by Michael C. Bryce  

The 1984 Paralympic Games were held in both Europe and North America. Initially, the four disability groups (amputee and les autres, cerebral palsy, visually impaired, wheelchair) were supposed to compete together in the USA. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) had announced as early as 1977 that the 1984 Olympics would be held in Los Angeles. The independent sports organizations for athletes with disabilities were keen to hold their Games in the same city as the Olympics. But as voluntary organizations, they had no formal relations with the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee (LAOOC) and only a tenuous relationship with the United States Olympic Committee (USOC).

In 1980, the American National Wheelchair Athletic Association (NWAA), an affiliated organization to the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF), announced that it would hold its own Games for wheelchair athletes at a separate venue. As a result, the other three disability groups combined their efforts and chose New York as their Games venue. Amputee and les autres athletes, cerebral palsy athletes and visually impaired athletes competed in New York, USA, while athletes with spinal cord disabilities competed in Stoke Mandeville, England.Some 1,800 athletes from 45 countries arrived in New York for competitions from 16 to 30 June, with 900 medals to be won. Funding for the Games came from a combination of private and governmental sources, with the larger part donated by the US Federal Government through its US Information Agency. Additional funds were provided by the state of New York and the National Guard. Media coverage of the Games was more extensive in the history of disabled sport than before. The major US television networks and newspapers were present, as well as BBC TV, Dutch TV, West German TV and Swedish radio and TV.

US President Ronald Reagan officially opened the Games at the Opening Ceremony on 17 June in Mitchel Park. In the course of the Games, more than 80,000 spectators cheered on the athletes across a total of 13 events.Amputees, both wheelchair and standing, were divided into nine classes, and they competed in Athletics, Lawn Bowls, Powerlifting, Shooting, Swimming, Table Tennis and Volleyball. Cerebral palsy athletes were divided into eight classes and competed in Archery, Athletics, Boccia, Cycling, Equestrian (Dressage), Football, Powerlifting, Shooting, Swimming and Table Tennis. There were three classes of visually impaired athletes who competed in Athletics, Goalball, Swimming and Wrestling. The six classes of les autres athletes competed in Archery, Athletics, Basketball, Powerlifting, Shooting, Swimming, Table Tennis and Volleyball.Each of the disability groups produced outstanding performances. American amputee athlete Jim Martinson set a new world record in the 100m wheelchair race in 17.13 seconds. Mustapha Badid of France took the gold in the 800m wheelchair race with a time of 2:17.27 minutes. Charles Reid of the USA gained recognition as a top cerebral palsy athlete when he took the gold in Powerlifting, a demonstration event at the Games. Visually impaired athlete Winford Haynes of the US won the gold in the 100m dash in 11.78 seconds. At the final medal tally, the USA topped the table with 276 medals, 101 of which were gold. Britain was next with 240 medals, including 75 gold.

The Games in Stoke Mandeville, England, were held from 22 July to 1 August. The British Paraplegic Sports Society (BPSS) organized the Games at the Stoke Mandeville Stadium. More than 1,100 athletes from 41 countries competed in 14 events.The Opening Ceremony on 22 July was presided by HRH Prince Charles, who officially opened the Games. A crowd of 3,000 cheered on the teams in the wheel-past. Athletes competed in 10 events: Archery, Athletics, Basketball, Fencing, Lawn Bowls, Powerlifting, Shooting, Snooker, Swimming and Table Tennis. For the first time, a wheelchair marathon was held.Many world and Paralympic records were broken and rewritten, mainly in Athletics. Swiss Reiner Kuschall and American Bart Dodson dominated the men’s events and won two gold medals each. Swiss Heinz Frei raced to gold in the 1500m, 5000m and the marathon. Frank Nietlespach of Switzerland took four golds and one silver in the wheelchair racing events. Canadian Rick Hansen, who later wheeled around the world on his Man-in-Motion Tour, won gold medals in the 1500m and the marathon.

Ingrid Lauridson of Denmark topped the women competitors on the track with six gold medals, while American Marcia Bevard reaped six golds in Swimming. In men’s Basketball, the French team emerged as a new force. They beat the Dutch team 68:61 to take their first Paralympic gold medal. The German women’s team successfully defended its gold medal won during the 1980 Paralympic Games in Arnhem with a 43:32 victory over Israel.The Games were a success, despite the short four-month preparation period. The organizers agreed that the Games should in future be held at the same venue, as the success of the Paralympics calls for unified representation and participation. The four international federations— the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CP-ISRA), the International Blind Sports Association (IBSA), the International Sport Organization for the Disabled (ISOD), and the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF)—came together to form the International Coordinating Committee of World Organizations for the Disabled (ICC). The ICC was to serve as the governing body for the Paralympic Games.

 

 

1984 Paralympics Wheelchair
Basketball

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stoke Mandeville, England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WOMEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gold

1

GERGermany

5

5

0

213

42.6

159

31.8

Bartels,Christa

silver

2

ISR

5

3

2

229

45.8

212

42.4

Shelachlak,Shimon

bronze

3

JPN

5

3

2

234

46.8

216

43.2

Kitamura,Shoko

 

4

CAN

5

2

3

152

30.4

187

37.4

 

 

5

USA

5

1

4

186

37.2

210

42.0

Hansen,Terrell

 

6

NED

5

1

4

177

35.4

207

41.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1191

 

1191

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

GER

44

CAN

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

JPN

48

USA

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

GER

45

JPN

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

NED

45

ISR

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

CAN

35

USA

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

GER

41

NED

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

ISR

55

JPN

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

JPN

51

CAN

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

GER

44

ISR

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

CAN

32

NED

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

GER

39

USA

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

ISR

38

CAN

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

USA

40

NED

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

ISR

52

USA

43

ASSUMED BASED ON F AND A PERCENTAGES ON WCJ PDF FILES

 

 

 

 

 

round robin

JPN

51

NED

41

ASSUMED BASED ON F AND A PERCENTAGES ON WCJ PDF FILES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1984

MEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

final standings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

PTS FOR

PTS F AVG

PTS AGT

PTS A AVG

COACH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gold

1

FRAFrance

7

6

1

508

72.6

370

52.9

Robert Perri

silver

2

NED

6

4

2

453

75.5

359

59.8

Rob Verheuvel

bronze

3

SWE

6

5

1

468

78.0

399

66.5

Tommy Jacobson

 

4

USA

7

4

3

560

80.0

379

54.1

Armand Thiboutot, Paul K. Jackson asst.

 

5

CAN

5

4

1

351

70.2

248

49.6

Bob Bryce

 

6

ISR

4

3

1

269

67.3

216

54.0

Shimon Shelach

 

7

GBR

5

3

2

310

62.0

242

48.4

D. Reig

 

8

MEX

4

1

3

263

65.8

290

72.5

Sergio Durand

 

9

JPN

4

2

2

312

78.0

218

54.5

K. Yoshida

 

10

AUS

4

2

2

270

67.5

211

52.8

Bruno Moretti

 

11

ITA

4

2

2

265

66.3

263

65.8

 

 

12

ESP

3

1

2

211

70.3

228

76.0

 

 

13

GER

3

1

2

169

56.3

200

66.7

 

 

14

YUG

3

1

2

175

58.3

232

77.3

 

 

15

SUI

4

1

3

183

45.8

297

74.3

 

 

16

DEN

3

0

3

160

53.3

248

82.7

 

 

17

FIN

4

0

4

176

44.0

320

80.0

 

 

18

EGY

4

0

4

88

22.0

471

117.8

 

 

 

 

80

40

40

5191

 

5191

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

CAN

4

4

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

USA

4

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

ITA

4

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

SUI

4

1

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

FIN

4

0

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

top 2 teams advance to top 8 round

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suggested scores (no games sheets provided)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

CAN

84

SUI

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

USA

90

FIN

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

ITA

80

SUI

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

CAN

61

USA

59

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

USA

97

ITA

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

SUI

66

FIN

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

ITA

76

FIN

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

USA

82

SUI

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

CAN

67

ITA

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL A

CAN

88

FIN

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

ISR

3

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

MEX

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

GER

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

ESP

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

top 2 teams advance to top 8 round

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

ESP

74

GER

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

ISR

76

ESP

58

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

GER

64

MEX

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

ISR

64

GER

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

MEX

90

ESP

79

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL B

ISR

70

MEX

52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

GBR

4

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

FRA

4

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

AUS

4

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

JPN

4

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

EGY

4

0

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

top 2 teams advance to top 8 round

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

FRA

118

EGY

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

AUS

64

JPN

63

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

GBR

108

EGY

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

JPN

125

EGY

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

FRA

76

JPN

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

GBR

62

AUS

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

AUS

120

EGY

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

FRA

67

AUS

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

GBR

48

FRA

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL C

JPN

62

GBR

52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

 

GAMES PLAYED

WON

LOST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

SWE

3

3

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

NED

3

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

YUG

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

DEN

3

0

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

top 2 teams advance to top 8 round

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

SWE

79

YUG

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

NED

88

YUG

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

NED

94

DEN

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

SWE

79

DEN

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

YUG

75

DEN

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

POOL D

SWE

77

NED

71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTER F

 

FRA

57

CAN

51

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTER F

 

SWE

77

MEX

59

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTER F

 

USA

78

GBR

40

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTER F

 

NED

63

ISR

59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEMI FINAL

 

FRA

75

SWE

74

 

 

 

 

 

SEMI FINAL

 

NED

76

USA

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GOLD/SILVER

 

FRA

68

NED

61

 

 

 

 

 

BRONZE

 

SWE

82

USA

80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1984 New York / Stoke Mandeville (USA / Great Britain) Medal Totals

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 USA 101 91 84 276
2 Great Britain 75 80 85 240
3 Sweden 51 30 22 103
4 Canada 48 52 49 149
5 Germany 44 42 29 115
6 Netherlands 44 40 17 101
7 France 37 39 23 99
8 Australia 29 38 26 93
9 Norway 22 24 20 66
10 Denmark 22 6 11 39
11 Spain 21 8 12 41
12 Poland 20 15 13 48
13 Finland 15 10 17 42
14 Ireland 13 11 20 44
15 Hungary 12 12 3 27
16 Belgium 9 11 6 26
17 Yugoslavia 7 9 8 24
18 Austria 5 13 7 25
19 Switzerland 5 2 2 9
20 Portugal 4 2 7 13
21 Italy 3 7 6 16
22 Japan 3 2 5 10
23 China 2 12 8 22
24 Israel 2 6 7 15
25 New Zealand 2 3 1 6
26 Egypt 2 0 3 5
27 Trinidad and Tobago 2 0 1 3
28 Luxembourg 1 4 1 6
29 Brazil 1 3 2 6
30 Burkina Faso 1 1 2 4
31 Mexico 0 3 3 6
32 Iceland 0 2 6 8
33 German Democratic Republic 0 2 1 3
34 India 0 2 1 3
35 Indonesia 0 1 1 2
36 Zimbabwe 0 1 0 1
37 Hong Kong 0 0 1 1
38 Korea 0 0 1 1